The urbanism of Brasilia

The urbanism of Brasilia
The urbanism of Brasilia

Brasilia, the administrative capital of Brazil is a recent creation. It was the Brazilian President Kubitschek who decided to build it in the interior of the country, to balance the territory and alleviate the imbalance with respect to the coast. And for this he entrusted the urban project of the new city to two renowned architects. One of them was Oscar Niemeyer, also the author of some of the most distinguished buildings in the city, such as the great cathedral of Brasilia. And the other was Lucio Costa, of course followed by the architecture of Le Corbusier.


Aerial view of Brasilia

In fact, works such as Le Corbusier's Habitation Unit or the theoretical approaches of the Bauhaus are the ones that inspire rationalism in the design of this city, where a large number of public buildings have to be accumulated, and where everything must have a very functional character.

In this way the base of the Plan of Brasilia are two great axes that intersect at right angles. So far nothing new, since that was already the germ of the Roman cities where the cardo and the decumanus were cut perpendicularly. However, in Brasilia the longer axis of the two that form that cross, in this case, is curved. This gives a more open character to the development.

A development on that long curved axis that has very specific characteristics, such as having residential superblocksThey are grouped four by four. These groupings are distributed on both sides of the great axis through which the circulation has to pass, thus uniting everything.

While the other axis, shorter and also straight, recalls, for example, the extensions of Paris designed by Hausmann. And it is a part of the city where the scenery is more important, since there are the great public monuments of Brasilia, such as the Presidential Palace or the Three Powers Square.

And as is often the case in all cities created in recent decades or in the urban expansions that have been made, in Brasilia certain factors were taken into account, such as pedestrianization, as well as the presence of large green areas. All of these are elements of the organicist conception of the city. In other words, conceive them as living beings, in which the movements of their inhabitants and the different means of transport must be taken into account, that is, having a stopover for pedestrians and another for public transport.

However, when you look at the city of Brasilia, you can also see that it was not only conceived for its inhabitants, but also to impress its visitors, since here everything is grandiose. So much so that it seems impossible for the integration of the human being to become possible, and in reality an idea of ​​dehumanized isolation is transmitted.

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