Alcazabas and walls of Almería

Alcazabas and walls of Almería
Alcazabas and walls of Almería
Anonim

The Alcazaba of Almería rises on the so-called San Cristóbal hill in the highest part of the urban core of the city and is a construction built over the centuries. Although, its origins date back to the mid-10th century.

At that time, this province of Andalusia was under the rule of the caliph of Córdoba, Abderramán III. And it was he who ordered its construction in 955 as a defensive and lookout point, controlling from its location a large part of the surrounding maritime traffic, as well as many lands in the interior of the province.

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Alcazaba of Almería

But from that initial construction, the complex grew, both during the time of the Taifa kingdoms, and later under Christian rule. For this reason, today it is possible to distinguish between the walls and the Almeria citadel up to three different enclosures, two of Muslim origin and a third from the Christian period.

Thus the first walled enclosure is quite large, and there are several cisterns there for the resistance of a large part of the population in case of siege. Today, it is a garden area, but in the past there were many houses here. Evidently it had a prominent point of surveillance of the sea, since that was the main reason that inspired its construction by Abderramán III, because in his time Almeríahad become the portmost important of the Umayyad Caliphate.

As for the second enclosure, it is surely the most interesting of the whole. It was an authentic walled palace that must have reached its most splendid moment during the taifa of King Hayran I, at the beginning of the 11th century. Although earthquakes have made it very partially reach our days.

And finally, the third enclosure is already a work from the time of the Catholic Monarchs, once the city was conquered at the end of the 15th century. This is where the emblematic towers of the Alcazaba are located, especially the Homenaje. And they are stone towers, while most Muslim works were made with a weaker material such as rammed earth.

In short, this is a complex with more than a thousand years of history, in which what stands out the most are its walls, which reach a thickness of 3 meters in walls about 5 high. But the towers also attract attention, both semicircular (Christian) and square (Muslim).

However, what is seen today above all as a military space and for the defense of the city and its port, was also a place of residence and you can see the remains of a palace, a mosque, several houses and even public bathrooms.

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