La Lonja de Palma de Mallorca

La Lonja de Palma de Mallorca
La Lonja de Palma de Mallorca
Anonim

One of the most valuable buildings that can be seen in the city of Palma de Mallorca, after admiring its incredible Gothic cathedral, is the Lonja de Palma which is located in the historic center of the Balearic capital.

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The Fish Market of Palma de Mallorca

This is a building erected between 1426 and 1444, following the direction of the master builder Guillem Sagrera. Therefore, this Majorcan monument also belongs to gothic art.

It is a prismatic construction, being almost a cube. Thus, four facades are generated, all of them very sober, and in which only the moldings that frame the openings attract attention. As well as the open and crenellated gallery at the top, where different turrets are also placed, giving this mercantile space a military appearance, and at the same time reminiscent of palatial buildings.

In the openings, whether they are doors or windows, it is clear that we are facing a building of the most advanced Gothic, since although the typical ogive shape of this style is used, to decorate it, the ornamentation of the flamboyant is used.

And if the facades tend to austerity and simplicity, the truth is that the sensations are very different when we enter its interior. There, a space with a hall plan awaits us, that is, with its three naves of the same height, and that inthis case are separated by just six elegant columns. They are the most slender columns and lack any capital. In this way, its decoration consists of helical grooves that run along its entire shaft until reaching its highest part, where they seem to become the ribs of the ribbed vaults that roof this entire space.

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Interior of the Palma de Mallorca Fish Market

The aesthetic result of this construction system is most suggestive, and anyone can evoke palm trees when contemplating it. In addition, the height and slenderness of the columns give the interior a feeling of obvious spaciousness. Almost as if it were an open space, something that fit perfectly with the use that the fish market had, that is, a market where sellers had to display their wares and buyers had to move easily between the stalls.

In short, this is a very interesting work of Gothic civil architecture in the Spanish Levante. Not in vain, the shapes of this building had a very clear influence on other later works, especially on the Silk Exchange in Valencia. And it is that Guillem Sagrera was an important architect for theCrown of Aragonsince he worked on the island in this building or in the magnificent cathedral. Just as he also took part in theCathedral of Gironaor he participated in the construction of theCastellnuovo of Naplescommissioned by theAragonese king Alfonso V the Magnanimous.

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