Salvador Dalípainted his wife on numerous occasions,Gala. And of course of all the representations, one of the most masterful may be the one he did in this painting en titled Galatea of the Spheres.
His title already tells us that the image of his wife, muse and model of him is composed of infinite spheres. All these spheres start from a central black point. And from there it seems that they will radiate as in a very orderly and geometric explosion. The point is that it seems to place Gala at the center of the Dalinian universe. Fusing in the same image two of the artist's great passions: his wife and science
Galatea of Dalí's spheres
Science was something that attracted him as a teenager. But there was an event that made him especially interested in the subject of the atoms that make up matter. That event was none other than the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945.
In fact, this work is later, since he did it in 1952. In a period in which his favorite theme was atoms, and which he himself called the nuclear-mystical era. Since during these years he painted numerous paintings that were dedicated to showing the disintegration of atoms, the discontinuity of matter or the structures of DNA.
In other words, Dalí appears to us as the painter of his time and the avant-garde that he was. But his art was based on that of the past. Especially in periods like theRenaissance that fascinated him. The details that connect this Galatea of the spheres, are many, beginning with the very transformation of Gala's name that recalls the poems of Garcilaso de la Vega or Miguel de Cervantes.
But there are more links with the Renaissance. For example, the hair of the portrayed woman at times reminds us of the Venus of Sandro Botticelli, or her closed eyes evoke the Virgin of the Rocks by Leonardo da Vinci.
But then that is transformed by the sieve of Dalí. We see a set of spheres of various sizes, which with their shading and plasticity generate a clear three-dimensional perspective. Just look at the woman's red lips that occupy several spheres towards the center, or outwards depending on how you look at it.
And as usual in many of Salvador Dalí's paintings, the color blue dominates. A color that here serves the same to represent the sea below, as the sky as a background. Or to cover the atoms, some of them chipped, making us understand that what is valuable and hard is in the inner core, and not in the crust. In short, Dalí and his particular Surrealism in its purest form.