The Torres de Serranos, together with the Torres de Quart, are the only remaining remains of what used to be the walls medieval city of Valencia.
Of both, those of Serranos are older, and they were also the ones that protected the main gate of the city since it was in the direction of Zaragoza and Barcelona. For that reason, it has more ornamental elements. Although many have been lost throughout the monument's long history.
Tower of the Serranos of Valencia
In addition, it also has a different appearance since the Torres de Quart have a circular aspect, while the Torres de los Serranos have a polygonal plan. These towers had three vaulted floors inside and were built to flank the main gate to the city, opened in the wall by means of a wide semicircular arch. A somewhat curious shape for the arch, since we must take into account the dates of construction of the work, at the end of the 14th century, in full splendor of gothic art, which also in Valencia has such magnificent architectural examples as its beautiful Lonja.
Specifically, it is known that the Torres de Serranos were built between 1392 and 1398. And the master builder was Pere Balaguer. As the main function had to have a defensive character, a work of thick masonry walls was created, which was later covered with squaredstone ashlars to give it a more ceremonial aspect, since soon the most pompous and important parades of the authorities were held here. And that's also why decorative elements of clear Gothic inspiration were included.
Quart Towers in Valencia
However, it must be said that the towers and the gate have not only fulfilled these functions. They were also a prison for nobles, at which time substantial changes were made to their appearance, especially with regard to their windows and external appearance. However, that prison use saved them from demolition in the 19th century, as happened with the Torres de Quart, since at that time it was decided to demolish the entire Valencian wall to favor its growth urban.
And even later it had a much more curious use. During the years of the Spanish Civil War, Valencia remained under the command of the republican government, which gave the order to safeguard the works of the Prado Museum in Madrid by moving them from the capital. And so some were kept inside in the Torres de Serranos de Valencia. Which also meant reforms for the conditioning and protection of those artistic treasures. But in this case, those changes were well worth it.