Mademoiselle Pogany by Brancusi

Mademoiselle Pogany by Brancusi
Mademoiselle Pogany by Brancusi

The Romanian sculptor Constantine Brancusi made this sculpture in 1913. Although it is true that this portrait of Miss Pogany He made several versions, including this one that we show here. A work currently held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

It is a small bronze figure, which is the evolution of the initial portrait he made in marble and from which he took a plaster cast for later casting in this metal.


Mlle. Pogany by Brancusi

It is a work that very well marks the evolution of the art of Brancusi. We can appreciate that it is something quite advanced and avant-garde with respect to the most primitive forms that she works after her arrival inParis, with works such as The Kiss. But that he has not yet reached the abstraction and absolute lightness of later works such as Bird in Space.

We are at a time when Brancusi is in some way looking for his way, and has not yet embarked on his path to total simplification. It is a time in which he is very influenced by another artist of the moment, with whom he maintains a close relationship, despite his different characters. That friend is the Italian painterAmedeo Modigliani, famous for his portraits of women like The Woman with a Black Tie or his nudes like The Woman with a Necklace

Modigliani and BrancusiThey established a very curious friendship. But not only friendship, since Brancusi undoubtedly guided the Italian in his forays into the art of sculpture. While Modigiliani would certainly influence the art of the Romanian with his unconventional and highly stylized women.

If we look at the bust of Mlle. Pogany it is clear that this is not a conventional portrait. It is a very simple face of a woman. She has reduced it to an oval and it highlights her huge almond-shaped eyes. While as a naturalistic touch is her hair with a black patina. Without a doubt, a very powerful and avant-garde portrait. So much so that when it was first featured on United States, the critics at the time greeted it with much sarcasm and simply described it as an egg.

However it was a portrait, and more specifically of the artist Margit Pogany, whom Brancusi had met in Paris. Although, the curious thing is that this effigy was made once the woman had left the French capital where she had tried to succeed as a painter, something that she never achieved, and has passed more to posterity due to the work of the Romanian sculptor, who by their own creations.

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