Few empires throughout history have been as extensive and have bequeathed as many things to civilization as the Roman Empire. His footprints can be seen throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Asian area of Middle East. So today we are going to stop at an impressive Roman-era monument in Bulgaria. Specifically in the city of Plovdiv, the second in the country, and one of the oldest cities in the world, since it is estimated that there has been a population here for 8 millennia.
Plovdiv Roman Theatre
The Plovdiv Roman Theater was built during the rule of Emperor Trajan, back in the second century AD. And thanks to various restorations, it is one of the best preserved of its kind on the entire continent.
The truth is that it came back to light during the last third of the last century, since it had remained buried for centuries. But after several years of archaeological campaigns it re-emerged to the surface.
This is a venue that could have held up to 7,000 spectators in its best performances, and that is because the spectator area is larger than a semicircle, and has an amphitheater design. In it there were up to 28 rows of marble seats, divided into two different categories, separated by an aisle area. Although only 20 of those rows remain today, and therest was lost after the site was destroyed in the 4th century.
The truth is that the stands that are set on the ground have been preserved, taking advantage of the slope of the hill that houses the theater. And the rows that disappeared would be built and elevated by a structure of which only the foundations are known today.
Also at that same time (perhaps an earthquake) the area of the scene collapsed, but today it is perfectly rebuilt with its three stories high, in which various columns and pediments can be distinguished. Although, only what has been reconstructed from archaeological materials has been raised. And when new materials have been used, this is immediately visible, since the reconstruction and restoration was carried out following the anastylosis approach, thanks to which a coloration clearly marks what is new and old.
As a curiosity, it must be said that in many seats the registration of its user has been discovered. Names that correspond to local rulers, but also to friends of the emperor himself.
Anyway, today this Roman theatre is still a scenic space, and there are theater performances in it again. This puts it on a par with other buildings from the Roman era, such as the Verona Amphitheater in Italy or the Mérida Theater in Spain.