Vienna Secession Palace

Vienna Secession Palace
Vienna Secession Palace

TheSecession movement in Viennain the late 19th and early 20th centuries is always associated with painters, especiallyGustav Klimtand his masterpieces like The Kiss. But in reality, it is an artistic trend that brought together creators from various disciplines, from painters to architects, through sculptors, enamellers, engravers, etc…


Vienna Secession Palace

All of them have in common their confrontation with everything that has to do with academics, both with its forms and with its moralizing ideal and control by the authorities.

They consider that a work of art must above all express the personality of the person who conceives and creates it. But in addition, with this he expresses his commitment to the society in which he lives.

Those are the principles that must have inspired the architectJoseph Maria Olbrichwhen he designed thisSecession Palace in Vienna between 1897 and 1898.

The entire volume of the building is extremely modern at the time. It is clearly composed from the most basic and elementary geometric figures. That is, each cubic and spherical body is perfectly distinguished. It is an idea of ​​rabid innovation at the time. Apparently everything is very simple, but these geometries are then adorned with dense plant elements that decorate it. It is the idea thatthen generated a "painting architecture", the creation of a curtain for ornamentation.

That reaches its maximum expression in the golden dome that is over the door and that culminates the vertical line from the access stairway. It is a dome that simulates the great crown of a tree, since it is covered with vegetation throughout its hemispherical path. Which expresses another recurring idea in the Vienna Secession movement, and that is the link between art and nature.

And at the base of that dome we can read a very clarifying motto of the innovative idea of ​​these Austrian creators, since it reads: “At each time its art, and to art its freedom”. While on the entrance door you can see three Medusa heads, some iconographic elements that come to represent the harmony between architecture, sculpture and painting.

After all, this building by Olbrich, one of the leading spokesmen of the movement, was built to house exhibitions by artists of this style. A style that is undoubtedly integrated into Modernism, but at the same time its sobriety, especially in architecture, makes it a true precedent for the most avant-garde buildings that were going to be built a few years later elsewhere in Europe.

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