Today we are going to talk about a colossal sculpture. An image that you surely know as Mount Rushmore in United States. Specifically near Keystone in the state of South Dakota. A monument that may not be the best work of art you have ever seen, but it is undoubtedly good to know more about it due to its size and popularity.
The work is carved on the mount itself, of extremely hard granite stone, and 14 years of work and the approximate labor of some 400 workers were invested in it. The ideologue and sculptor who created it was the Danish and American artist Gluzton Borglum. Who started it in 1927, but he did not get to see it completely finished, since he died shortly before finishing. So he completed it in 1941 his sonLincoln Borglum, which had grown almost as long as the memorial
Because we must not forget that it is a great memorial. Here the faces of four North American presidents have been carved on a gigantic scale. They are from left to right: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln, which were also carved in that order.
The result is gigantic effigies, each head is 18 meters, and they reach almost to the top of Mount Rushmore, which is already at an altitude of 1,745 meters. Atitanic work given the conditions of the land and the instruments of the time. But whose result and quality is unquestionable, since they really are authentic naturalistic portraits of those presidents. A work that has become an icon and that has surely fulfilled all the dreams of its creator, because Borglum always wanted to recreate the great monument that will represent the history of the first 150 years of existence of the United States of America.
In fact, his initial plan was even more ambitious. He had projected the opening of an underground chamber in the upper part of the mountain, located behind the presidential faces. He began to excavate it and there he wanted to carve texts on the rock itself that alluded to key episodes in the country's history. But that effort was almost impossible to carry out, since he would have needed a huge cavity to write everything he wanted. While the ground was extremely hard.
So he left the project while he was still alive with the gallery started. And it took several decades for the authorities to finish it, already with modern tools. Thus the Hall of Records on Mount Rushmore was created. But it is not visitable. On the other hand, the well-deserved tribute was paid to this unique sculptor who undoubtedly bequeathed one of the most emblematic and popular works of the North American country.