The Chapel of the Rosary in the city of Puebla in the state of Oaxaca is considered as a masterpiece of all the baroque art of Mexico. A construction that reflects all the characteristics of this colonial version of the baroque, where indigenous artistic influences merge with those of the most excessive creators of European art, especially Spanish, such as the decorations of Churriguera.
Rosary Chapel in Puebla
The Chapel of the Rosary was an addition to the Temple of Santo Domingo. While the church began to be built in 1550, it took 100 years for the construction of this chapel to begin and then it lasted for four decades, since it was not completed until 1690.
At first glance, what is striking is that there seems to be not a single centimeter without decoration. There is an abundance of gilded and colored stuccoes, as well as all kinds of moldings with plant motifs or the shapes of angels. As well as the canvases painted by José Rodríguez Carnero in the upper part of the dome.
It is the maximum expression of the enormous devotion generated by the Virgen del Rosario among the Mexican Dominican monks. In fact, this was the first chapel in her honor in the entire country. And as usual in the temples of this order of preachers, it is characterized by opulence andlavishness in its decoration.
But although it seems to be a compendium of elements, almost piled up, in reality everything follows a rigorous iconographic order. While on the walls of the chapel various characters linked to Christ, the Virgin and also the mysteries of the Rsoario are represented. And from there it goes to the upper part where the three theological virtues appear, Divine Grace and the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit represented between angels and Dominican holy women. All crowned by the anagram IHS (Iesus Hominen Salvatore, that is, Jesus the Savior of Men). Without forgetting the canvases of the dome with representative scenes of the Joys of the Virgin.
In short, a program of the tightest and most ornate never better said. But as we have already mentioned, it is one of the greatest exponents of the Mexican and Hispano-American Baroque, profuse like few styles in the entire History of Art. And that certainly in Puebla found an exquisite development not only for this Chapel of the Rosary or the entire Temple of Santo Domingo. Also for other works scattered around the city of Puebla such as the church of San Miguel with another jewel of this style such as its High Altar.