The Residenzschloss or Royal Palace in Dresden is one of the best places in all of Germanyto be able to discover the History of Art and Architecture of the Germanic country.
It is a construction in which traces of all the artistic styles that have been happening since the Middle Ages can be seen. Beginning with its beginnings as a Romanesque tower built in the 13th century. And from then on elements from all periods have been added, Gothic from the 15th century, Renaissance extensions in the 16th century, Baroque art from the 18th century when the entire building suffered a serious fire.
Residenzschloss or Dresden Royal Palace
Precisely in that century some of the most elegant rooms were added with numerous works of art, which fortunately were safeguarded from the bombing that the complex suffered during the Second World War. After which a deep restoration was carried out that has lasted decades. A long wait that has been worth it, since now it looks splendid, and it is the great jewel, next to the famous ceramic mural of the Parade of Princes of the heritage of Dresden.
After all, the Residenzchloss was the palace where the Electors of Saxony resided. And although we have said that it is a mixture of styles, the truth is that baroque art predominates, which coincides with the period of greatestsplendor of this territory and the Wettin dynasty that ruled it.
More specifically during the reign of Augustus II the Strong, who in the early years of the 18th century proposed an important reform of the building. And it was transformed into a large expanse of rooms and halls linked to the four wings that had articulated it until then. In this way there is a succession of rooms and especially patios, which in some cases are covered due to the local climate.
Among all this, one of the most emblematic spaces of this great Baroque reform is the one known as Grünes Gewölbe or Green Vault. The collection of the jewels of Augustus II is still kept and exhibited there today, and the good thing is that it was the monarch himself who, since its construction, conceived this area as a museum space in the one to proudly display your best treasures.
Although it is true that today we do not see it as he planned it, since the necessary reconstruction after the bombings, as well as the current tourist uses of the current Royal Palace of Dresden has made it possible to distinguish two distinct zones. The Historic Green Vault and the new one. However, both safeguard the original eighteenth-century spirit. And in reality we can say that the entire palace, despite its transformations and its complicated history, is still imbued with that baroque atmosphere, as ornate as it is elegant, very common in other monuments of Central Europe such as they can be the church of San Carlos Borromeo in Vienna or the Monastery ofMelk on the banks of the Danube.