The prehistoric art of Bhimbetka

The prehistoric art of Bhimbetka
The prehistoric art of Bhimbetka

Archaeologists and scholars of Prehistory are finding rock art thousands of years old all over the planet. Initially prehistoric art was mainly linked to that found in European caves, such as Altamira in Spain or Lascaux in France. But today many others are taken into account all over the globe from South America where the famous Cueva de las Manos is in Argentina, to the petroglyphs from Alta beyond the Arctic Circle or the rock shelters of the Drakensberg Park in South Africa.


Bhimbetka Rock Shelter

And there are also examples of humanity's most primitive art in Asia. Specifically in India is the set of Bhimbetka rock shelters, which make up the oldest example of the presence of man in that great country, since it is about some paintings that have been dated with an antiquity of approximately 9,000 years.

Its value is undoubtedly incalculable, among other things because in many of the shelters, you can see that the paintings are superimposed on each other, thus providing a wonderful sequence of life forms since Paleolithic times.

And it's because the Bhimbetka cave paintings are found in a natural space very similar to what might have existed millennia ago.A wooded area with rugged relief, where prehistoric man had everything he needed for his hunting and gathering tasks. And that's what the paintings on these coats show us.

Local fauna is represented. There are painted bison, tigers, turkeys, deer and also elephants or rhinos. In addition, the fruits they collected and the plants they fed on also appear. But not only that, certain scenes are also identified that tell us about their different rituals. Some related to births and others to death, but there are also more festive ones where music would not be lacking and others for which one can speculate about their religious beliefs.

In short, this thousand-year-old pictorial set provides enormous value for the knowledge of the beginnings of human life in India. A life that, on the other hand, consisted of adapting as best as possible to the natural environment, and taking advantage of all the opportunities it offered. Something that can also be seen in the rest of the cave paintings found all over the planet. And it is not the trait that unites this heritage related to the origins of the human race. They also have in common their simple forms, almost always figurative for hunting scenes or when they represent other daily tasks. While the more abstract forms are represented for everything that could have to do with beliefs or religion.

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