The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmad Yasawi in Kazakhstan

The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmad Yasawi in Kazakhstan
The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmad Yasawi in Kazakhstan

On other occasions we have already told you about the greatemperor Tamerlane or Timur, for example to mention his own mausoleum which is a jewel of the city ofSamarkandinUzbekistan. And today we mention this historical character again but to link him to another work located in Kazakhstan, another of the former Soviet republics of the former USSR.


Khoja Ahmad Yasawi Mausoleum

Well there, in the city of Yasi or Turkestan, the last of the great nomadic emperors of Central Asia had this work built in 1389 to pay homage to the Sufi master Khoja Ahmad Yasawi, who had died in the 11th century and was buried precisely on this spot. However, he had a small mausoleum that Tamerlane did not consider of sufficient substance, so he undertook the construction of this sanctuary. As well as very close to here he also ordered the construction of a minor mausoleum dedicated toArystan Bab, who had been the mentor of Khoja Ahmad Yasawi

The works lasted until the year 1405, and even so the mausoleum was not completely finished as planned. Which does not subtract an iota of monumentality. In fact, it is considered the most important Kazakh monument, and even art historians see that it was an authentic reference for the later works that were built in theimperial capital: Samarkand.

The most striking element of the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmad Yasawi is undoubtedly its central dome decorated with thousands of gold and green tiles. A dome that reaches 28 meters in height and has a diameter of 18 m.

Around this space is the prayer space, several rooms and even a library. Keep in mind that today it is a place of pilgrimage, but originally the mausoleum also served as a madrasa or Koranic school.

In building it, Tamerlane brought in some of his best master builders and craftsmen withKhwaja Hossein Shiraziin command. Since he had a great effort to create a magnificent work. And it was achieved, despite the fact that today its unfinished facade is striking. It shows that the building was going to have two slender minarets flanking the main portal, but they were never completed. Just as it can be seen that everything was built with brick and then covered with tiles of different colors.

However, that unfinished facade has not prevented the construction from being declared a Cultural Heritage of Humanity, the first building with such an award in Kazakhstan.

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