On the same esplanade as the famous Pyramids of Giza is the Great Sphinx. In fact, this colossal figure somehow welcomes the set of most emblematic monuments of Ancient Egypt, and all of it was built during the same period. That is, at the time of the IV Dynasty, for some during the reign of Cheops himself, whose pyramid is the largest of all. Although the theory seems more widespread that he would order her to raise his successorKhafre, who would give a face to this body of a lion with a human head. A type of representation that symbolizes strength and wisdom at the same time, and that was very common in Egypt, with other figures such as the famous Sphinx of Sesostris III, but also in other cultures such as the Persian or the Greek. In fact, the very name of the sphinx is of Greek origin.
Great Sphinx of Giza
Since time immemorial, the strength and might of a lion had been associated with the pharaohs in Egypt. But when they transform into a sphinx, all their physical strength is dominated by the power of the ruler's intelligence. In short, in Ancient Egypt it was a fairly common representation of roy alty, although in no case as spectacular as the Great Sphinx of Gizeh.
It is a gigantic sculpture of up to 70 meters in length counting the legs of that majestic lion's body. While in the pose he reachesa height of 20 meters. A watchful pose that has often been linked to Khafre having her stand up to watch over her grave.
You have to imagine this fantastic monument completely painted. A painting that has been lost over the millennia, since the construction may be about 4,500 years old. And the wear of his face and in particular of the nose is also the result of the passage of time. Because although it has been said that he lost it after a cannon shot by the troops ofNapoleon. Although it is true that there is some drawing prior to those years in which her deformed nose is already seen.
However, it must be said that the head of the sphinx has withstood the passage of centuries and centuries of erosion and wind very well. Something that is due to the hardness of the stone with which it was made. Much stronger than the material used for its body. Although it is also true that the body has been much more protected, since it has been covered by the sand of the desert in this area of Egypt for many years.