Tiépolo's glorification of the Spanish monarchy

Tiépolo's glorification of the Spanish monarchy
Tiépolo's glorification of the Spanish monarchy

When Giovanni Battista Tiépolo was already an artist of enormous prestige in Venice thanks to works such as the decorations of the Ca' Rezzonico Palace or of the Villa Valmara received a commission from the kings of Spain.


Tiépolo's glorification of the Spanish monarchy

It was the year 1762 and Tiépolo together with his sons, also painters, Domenico and Lorenzo, went to Madrid where they were to take charge of the pictorial decoration of several rooms of the immense Palace Real of the Spanish capital.

The fact is that Giambattista Tiepolo, the father and inaugurator of this saga of artists, was no longer going to leave Spain and he lived there until his death in 1770. A few years of intense work in which he left several masterpieces in the halls of the palace. For example, the frescoes in theHall of Halberdiersstand out, where he represented the Aeneas Apotheosis. Or in theRoyal Antechamberhe painted on the ceiling the allegory of The Power of the Spanish Monarchy

Despite all his work in the Palacio Real de Madrid, without a doubt the most spectacular was reserved for the Salón del Trono, where this vault is located that represents the Glorification of the Spanish monarchy. And from the title we can already imagine that it is a most effective work, whose objective is to capture a triumphant and tremendous scene that extols the dynastySpanish.

Pictorically, he resorts to truly amazing aerial perspective effects, with which it is simulated that everything has an upward path. To which the treatment of the light helps that makes everything bright and resplendent. And as is characteristic of eighteenth-century painting a fairly soft and very delicate color is used, a very rococo touch.

On the line of the cornice of the vault, the representation of all the Spanish and American provinces of the kingdom was painted. And above the main scene in which there are numerous allegories such as Peace, Religion, Fame, Justice, as well as some of the most important gods of classical Olympus such as Jupiter, Apollo, Minerva, Mercury and Neptune.

In short, a scene with many characters, so the result could be scattered. However, one of the great qualities of Tiepolo in all of his works, both Italian and Spanish, is his prodigious ability to compose highly imaginative scenes. A quality that makes him the best heir to the long tradition of Venetian school painters, true experts in complex and fanciful compositions, as can be seen for example in the works ofVeronés or in creations by Tintoretto such as his painting El Paraíso, which curiously can also be seen in Madrid, but in this case at the Museo Thyssen Bornemisza.

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