Palazzo Venezia or Barbo

Palazzo Venezia or Barbo
Palazzo Venezia or Barbo

We are in front of a building that in itself brings together a large part of the history of the city ofRome. It is a large palace in the center of the Italian capital that was built by Cardinal Pietro Barbo, who would later become the Supreme Pontiff Paul II. And the building is located in Plaza Venezia. Hence its double denomination.


Palazzo Venezia in Rome

Artistically we can say that it is a wonderful representation of the Renaissance architecture. And although historians do not agree completely, the vast majority think that it was the project of the great Leon Battista Alberti. Although it is true that there are doubts, and on more than one occasion it has been attributed to other outstanding architects of the mid-sixteenth century such as Bernardo Rossellino, Francesco del Borg o o Guiliano da Maiano.

However, as we say, one of its great values ​​is that it is not only a monumental building, but also summarizes Roman history. To begin with, because whoever its architect was, the fact is that stones from ancient and classic buildings were reused in its construction. And not just any building, but places like the Colosseum or the Teatro de Marcelo. Something that certainly fits very well with the Renaissance spirit of venerating the artistic forms of Antiquity.

But if there is part of the most distant past in thePalazzo Venezia, it is also discovered that it had various uses, from papal residence to embassy of various countries. But there were still more occupations. For example, the fascist Benito Mussolini during his period of rule made it his seat of power. Fortunately today it has a more cultural use, since it has been transformed into the National Museum of the Venezia Palace.

If we talk about its architecture, we have to distinguish three parts. In the center is the highest point of the complex, the Torre della Biscia on the corner. And on one side is the so-called Palazzetto and on the other the much larger main palace. And both parts are the result of two different periods of construction. The Palazzetto was built first, and the rest several years later. And in fact in the palace itself are the most innovative elements. For example, the coffered vault in the vestibule, which was built using old-fashioned concrete pouring, something that hadn't been done in Rome since the days of the Pantheon. Just as in the decoration of places such as the internal courtyard, another mention is made of the architecture of Ancient Rome, since semi-columns and superimposed orders are used, just as we can see in the Colosseum, for example.

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