One of the distinctive features of the history and character of Ireland is its traditional Catholicism, attributed to the presence on Saint Patrick's Island back in the 5th century, when he evangelized the Irish, even becoming their patron, as evidenced by his cathedral in Dublin.
Cormac Chapel in Cashel
Well, a key step in the Christianization of the native Celtic peoples of Ireland was to convert the kings of the territory to that religion. Something that happened precisely in Cashel, in the cTipperary wave.
The royal residence was there, and that's where today is the Cormac Chapel and various monuments from the medieval period, although all post-date the alleged presence of Saint Patrick in the place.
Of all this, the oldest part is also the highest. And it is a huge tower that rises about 28 meters to be able to visually control the entire area, which is the fertile and flat Golden Valley. It is a construction of uncertain dating, although almost all historians suggest that it would rise around the year 1,100.
On the other hand, of the nearby building of the Cormac Chapel if its specific construction dates are known, since it would begin in the year 1127 and seven years later it would already be consecrated.
This is one of the best examples of Romanesque art in Ireland. Of the best and most complex, since there are elementslike the two twin towers that were built on its sides which are not at all common in Irish medieval architecture. In fact, there are those who see links with Germanic architecture, perhaps due to the origins of the abbot at the time.
And another feature that makes Cormac Chapel stand out is the presence of important frescoes painted inside. Some frescoes that have withstood the passage of history, the attacks of the English such as the one that occurred with Cromwell's troops in the mid-17th century, and also the incessant humidity of the place. Despite this, its beautiful arches, its ribbed vault and on the sandstone the paintings of different figures of saints are still standing, and part of their shapes and intense colors are still preserved (although it is undeniable that a deep restoration).
That is why the temple is a jewel of medieval art of Ireland, but it is also because of its location, known as Cashe Rock l there are more historic buildings. For example, there is the building that was built in the 13th century to serve as a cathedral, next to which the Archbishop's Palace would later rise.
And as if that were not enough, there are different medieval crosses in the area, one of them dedicated to Saint Patrick. A type of cross characteristic of Irish art of the Middle Ages and whose masterpiece is the famous Clonmacnoise Cross.