On another occasion we already told you about the artistic movement of the macchiaioli that took place in Italy at the end of the 19th century. And precisely we did it from the work The White Wall by Giovanni Fattori. Well, once again we choose a painting by this painter from Tuscany, since it is possibly the best representative of that style, and especially for works like this one by La rotunda de Palmieri Baths.
Fattori's Palmieri Baths Rotunda
It is a painting from the year 1866 and the artist painted it in the coastal town of Livorno. It is a small painting (12 x 35 cm) and the original is kept in the National Gallery of Modern Art in Florence.
However, despite its small size, it condenses all the elements that characterize the art of this painter halfway between realism and impressionism. We observe seven women who, as the title indicates, are sitting in the roundabout of the Palmieri baths, located on the seafront of that Tuscan vacation town. Some women who have sought the shade of an awning there.
Something that is most insubstantial and everyday, and that is that the themes of the macchiaioli painters tend to follow this line of inconsequential themes, of scenes that represent the day-to-day life of any. But from there comes the work of the artist.
In this case it stopsto show us each of these women in a different attitude. Yes, they are anonymous. He has not stopped to paint faces to identify them. And all based on color. She uses colors as pure as possible, which she applies in patches that contrast and juxtapose. There is no need to look for drawings, or outlines of the different figures or forms of the landscape.
If we look at the scene it can be divided into bands. Down with the sand. Up the awning. In the middle, the sea, the mountain in the background and the sky. And above all the group of women. In each band and in each issue using a reduced range for colors. If we see it from afar, they are spots, especially the women that form a dark group against the light. It is true that when we get closer there is a little more detail and individuality. But the charm of the whole lies in that harmony of colors and in the careful study of composition and also of perspective that there is in the arrangement of those spots (macchia in Italian) of color. Undoubtedly, a work of enormous modernity in its time. Let's not forget that it is a work from 1866.