The pyramids of Caral

The pyramids of Caral
The pyramids of Caral

The different pyramids of Caral are the most outstanding monumental element of this ancient city located north of Peru. A city whose origins date back to around 5,000 BC, making it the oldest city in the entire American continent.

Although it must be said that these pyramids are not that old, because the city of Caral is very large and there are several levels and remains from different eras, which go back to the year 1,800 BC, when it was abandoned.


Caral City

The pyramids themselves are works carried out throughout the third millennium before Christ, which means that the maximum splendor of this Caral culture coincides with what was being experienced in other places on the planet, such as Ancient Egypt or the Sumerian Empire.

In the city there are different public constructions in its highest part, with several squares, large residences and also the remains of the seven pyramids. While at a lower height in the urban plane there were other smaller buildings. And of course in the environment many humbler houses.

As for the pyramids, in all of them a central staircase is distinguished, as well as among the spaces that are on its route, a platform stands out as an altar for a ritual fire. Remains have also been found that its surface wasplastered in different colors.

There are pyramids of various sizes, the largest of which would be almost 30 meters high and have a large base of 150 x 110 meters. In addition, next to it there is one of the two large round and sunken squares that are one of the signs of identity of Caral, as well as a great mystery, since its function is unknown, although it is certain that part of the rites took place there. and religious ceremonies associated with fire altars.

In reality, this Caral culture, about which so little is known, is like a great precedent for what will continue to develop in other Andean territories in later centuries. Not only from a monumental and architectural point of view, but also from many other material and craft features. For example, vestiges of its pre-ceramic objects, textile garments linked to later quipus, or musical instruments have been found here. Not to mention that the location of the constructions are undoubtedly related to certain astronomical knowledge. In short, that the Caral culture in northern Peru is at the base of many other pre-Hispanic cultures.

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