Nizwa Round Tower

Nizwa Round Tower
Nizwa Round Tower
Anonim

In the small country of Oman there are quite a few historical and artistic gems quite unknown beyond the borders of this sultanate located south of the Persian Gulf. And of all this, one of the most outstanding is the Fortress and the Round Tower of the city of Nizwa.

picture

Nizwa Tower outside

This construction must be dated to the middle of the 17th century, when it was ordered to be built by Imam Sultan bin Saif al Ya'rubi, the second representative of that Ya'arubi dynasty and which managed to definitively expel the Portuguese conquerors from the territory of Oman. However, it must be said that there was a previous fort on the same site, from the 12th century approximately, but it was completely renovated thanks to this spectacular construction.

This is a whole palatial and fortified complex, although the most outstanding part is the great circular tower, a true feat for the military architecture of the time, since its conception with curved walls, as well as the resistance to the mortar bombs of those years, they made it a difficult place to conquer.

It is a drum-shaped tower, with a diameter of 36 meters and a height that reaches 30. Although it must be taken into account that its foundations sink to an identical depth of 30 meters. By the way, under this fort and the tower circulates a stream of water, which guaranteed its consumption in caseof siege In addition to the fact that inside there were several cisterns and underground cellars so that there would be no lack of resources or food for the garrison.

picture

Nizwa Tower inside

The truth is that its conquest should not be easy, given the characteristics of the construction. For example, its curved walls are very thick, thanks to the filling of rocks, earth and rubble, capable of withstanding mortar attacks. While in the upper part you can see openings in the wall to defend yourself with 24 cannons.

From that top you have a 360-degree view of the entire city, and therefore of any possible attackers. Furthermore, if you accessed the fortress, you find yourself in a veritable labyrinth of doors and false wells. And to get to the tower, it was necessary to save a very narrow staircase with many tricks, for which various traps were prepared, such as holes or places where boiling water or oil could be poured on the enemies.

In short, a jewel of the country's military architecture, conceived to defend itself against foreigners, but today it is one of its greatest tourist attractions for visitors, who also find a monument restored in detail.

Popular topic