Sucevita Monastery Church

Sucevita Monastery Church
Sucevita Monastery Church
Anonim

The Sucevita Monastery is included in the group of Orthodox churches of Bukovina in the lands of Romania. An architectural and pictorial ensemble that is listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO, where it is mentioned as “Moldova churches”, being distributed through a historical region of Eastern Europe that currently belongs to three different countries: Romania, Ukraine and Moldova itself. A set where there are other jewels such as the beautiful Voronet Monastery.

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Sucevita Monastery, interior

In total there are about twenty churches, built between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and their main characteristic is the painting that decorates both their internal and external parts. And of them, one of the most spectacular is undoubtedly the church of the Monastery of Sucevita, built between 1585 and 1601, that is, it is one of the most “modern” examples of all and therefore more advanced. Although it maintains that peculiar fusion of Byzantine and Gothic art.

The builders were the brothers Ieremia, Gheorghe and Simion Movila, who are buried in the monastery. While the authors of the paintings are also known, which is not very common in the art of the Orthodox religion. They were the monks Ion and Sofronie.

Those paintings focus onrecount biblical facts, both from the Old and New Testaments. However, there are some parts that, in addition to their message, stand out for the quality of the painting. This is the case with the so-called Ladder of Virtues or of Paradise. A journey through 32 steps in which it is shown that you have to be worthy to reach Heaven, and anyone who steps off the path will fall, regardless of their social class. Only the pure walk that path.

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Sucevita Monastery, exterior

The truth is that in addition to their religious content, these frescoes are a good chronicle of the time, since the painters based themselves on the daily life of that territory in the 16th century to set the events they related, because they are painting but also narration. In fact, the reason that they are painted inside and out is because only the most privileged classes could access the interior, so that for the common people the exterior was painted, these murals acting as a catechism.

Hence, you can see outside an Apocalypse with a terrible environment, dominated by a two-headed beast and rivers of burning lava. That's by the porch. While on the south wall a Tree of Jesse is represented to show that Jesus had human origin and divine ancestry.

In short, this is an exceptional work from the end of the Medieval, with an intense color, in which the green color stands out, although there is a masterful mastery of the blues, reds and gold tones. A work of artas unknown as valuable and beautiful.

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