The name of this city in India already tells us that it is a relatively recent city. New Delhi, along with the original Delhi originated at the beginning of the 20th century, more specifically in 1911, when the British authorities decided to move the capital of Calcutta to Delhi, creating a new city according to the enormous value they gave to the great jewel of their British Empire.
Rashtrapati Bhavan or New Delhi Presidential House
So they commissioned one of their most celebrated architects to design some of their most illustrious buildings. That architect wasEdwin Lutyens(1869 – 1944), who had already done works of enormous importance in his country. Some as unique as the elegant Drogo Castle, a good example of the many villas and mansions that he designed throughout his life, and that gave him much fame.
But his great work was to be far removed from theBritish Isles, since his great commission was to plan the new Indian capital. So he would dedicate 20 years of his life to this, from 1912 to 1931. In New Delhi he created, with the important collaborationHerbert Baker, some outstanding works such as the monumental Gateway of India. But possibly the most spectacular construction of it is theRashtrapati Bhavanor Viceroy's House, a grandiose palace for the governor general of the colony and that in theToday it is still the residence of the country's presidency.
In this case, he opted for a design with classic airs that knew how to incorporate local elements, such as the material (the typical sandstone with reddish tones) or certain decorative elements. For example, it is clear that the presence of the gardens is linked to the architecture of the Mughals, as well as many details of Buddhist and Hindu origin can be discovered.
Curiously, it took many years to finish after the change in capital status, since it was not inaugurated until 1931. However, it must be said that the dimensions of the building are more than considerable, since it has more than 300 rooms.
A construction that reflects the particular fusion of that architect, who, for example, created a new order, which was called the "Delhi order" that was to be added to the classical orders. By the way, this order was used in many projected buildings in India, but also in Great Britain, since Edwin Lutyens never stopped working for his British clients. Actually, he had many collaborators, a great capacity for work and without a doubt an enormous talent, that is why for many he is one of the best English architects of all time.