León Ferrari (1929 – 2013) is not only one of the most controversial artists to emerge in recent decades in Argentina and throughout Latin America. He can be considered one of the most acidic and also the most lucid creators of recent times in the world.
he has always been with the most varied works. From his poems to his collages and reproductions, such as his famous series of the Excrements, where he shows the famous frescoes that Michelangelo painted in the Sistine Chapel but covered with the droppings of birds, thus emphasizing in a resounding and bitter way that justice can be arbitrary, even in the Final Judgment.
Leon Ferrari's Western and Christian Civilization
Obviously thanks to works like that he has not been an artist especially loved by the Church, much less if we take into account that his most emblematic creation is the one we see here, en titled Western civilization and christian.
In it we see a Christ on the cross, but that cross is clearly a US military fighter, The image could not be more powerful, and is also open to various interpretations. Although, it seems that the one that comes closest to the author's intentions is to visualize how violence has become something of the most natural in the society of our time.
Return to elements andreligious symbols to make their proclamations about war, injustice or power is something that Ferrari has been repeating throughout its career. Which has brought him more than one problem. But that did not make him change his creative approaches.
Ferrari was trained as an engineer, however from 1950 he entered the world of art. Precisely in Roma, where he began to work on sculpture, at first using classic materials such as terracotta, wood or plaster, but later incorporating other different elements such as concrete, metals, color, drawings, as well as cultivated poetry, writing and image collages. And all this conceived with a clear objective, to move the viewer and force him to take a position.
It is an aesthetic art, but also a political one. And in fact, when he was once accused that his works were not art but speeches, he had no problem with it. He didn't care how they defined him. Because for him the creative act was as important as the message and the historical context in which it was being developed. In this case the date he executedWestern and Christian Civilizationwas the year 1965. A time when the Vietnam War was taking place. So it is clear that he wanted to show how the West and its religion was bombing and massacring the population and culture of that country ofSoutheast Asia.