The Egyptology, that is, the study of the archaeological and artistic remains originating in Ancient Egypt, seems unfathomable, both for its quantity as for the many enigmas that we still do not know about this civilization.
For example, if someone thought that he only made colossal statues of the great pharaohs and divinities, he was busy. Giant statues of pharaohs have also been found, such as this one by Meritamun found in 1982 in front of the temple of the god Min in the ancient city of Ipu, now known as Ajmin.
In fact, this sculpture was a pair with that of her husband, whose remains also came to light in that archeology campaign. But while the 11 meter tall figure of Meritamun was unearthed in a magnificent state of conversation, that of her husband, Ramesses II of the 19th Dynasty, was much more fragmented.
By the way,Ramses IIwas not only the husband of this queen consort, he was also her father. An incestuous practice of which there are many examples throughout the ancient history of Egypt. And all this was done with the aim that the royal blood did not mix and was as pure as possible.
Thus, Meritamun was the daughter of Ramses II and his favorite wife, Nefertari, who died very young, so when her descendantShe grew up and given her extraordinary physical resemblance, she ended up becoming the real wife of her father. In fact, it seems that even when his mother was sick, he already replaced her, at least formally, since there is evidence of this thanks to the chronicles that relate how the great temple of Abu Simbel was inaugurated for the deification of Ramses II and Nefertari, although she never got to see him, and instead her daughter did.
As for the sculpture itself, we can say that it is prototypical of traditional Egyptian stature. We see the queen standing and in an attitude of walking, something that manifested itself with a gesture as simple as advancing one of her legs. And as for her other limbs, one of her arms goes parallel to her body and the other is folded over her chest, carrying in her hand a very common object in the art of the time: a fly swatter.
Meritamun wears the dress seen in many other sculptural and pictorial representations of the 19th Dynasty. In other words, she wears a very tight long dress, with a large belt, a wig in the form of hair that falls to her chest, a necklace, earrings and a headdress where symbols such as vultures or solar cobras appear. She is a very formal and rigid figure, with a frontal character as is usual inEgyptian art, but she is not as hieratic and inexpressive as other representations, since her face seems to show a flirtatious smile