In Romania, a country that for decades was under Soviet rule and ruled by authoritarian regimes, it seems that it is an ideal territory to find megalomaniacal monuments with nationalist overtones. It is true that none of the dimensions of the gigantic Bucharest Parliament, but there are smaller ones in other parts of the Romanian state. And one of them is this Mausoleum of Marasesti, located in the town of the same name located in the east of the country.
Mausoleum of Marasesti
It was precisely there that a fierce battle took place during the First World War in which the Romanian troops prevented the passage of the army of Germany into the neighboring territory ofMoldova. Between July and September 1917, for a few weeks a hard fight was waged there in which of course there were countless victims. Although Romania finally won the battle, the truth is that its troops were quite decimated after the fighting.
In fact, the mausoleum is made up of 154 crypts and various mass graves that house the mortal remains of some 5,000 soldiers, who died not only during that battle against the German invasion, but also victims who fell throughout the contention.
The mausoleum has a round shape and is covered with a peculiar cone, which is popularly known as the Dome of Glory. Construction was carried out afterGreat War, and it took 15 years to build as it was not inaugurated until September 1938, ruled by King Carol II (1893 – 1953). The design was done by the architects George Cristinel and Constantin Pomponiu. Which included under the conical cover a kind of drum that serves as a base for a bas-relief as a frieze. A work made by the sculptors Cornel Medrea and Ion Jalea.
The truth is that it is the typical monument with patriotic and military overtones. And although artistically it cannot be considered any wonder, it is no less true that it is a good exponent of this type of heroic-style constructions with an ancient appearance with which they want to raise the spirits of a nation. A type of monument loaded with symbolism that lovers of battles and nationalism always like.
In this sense, it is enough to tell an anecdote to prove it. It is said that Adolf Hitler himself after conquering Romania, although it was a monument dedicated to the Romanian heroes who defeated the Germans a few decades before, tried to protect the mausoleum in the midst of World War II, and had two anti-aircraft batteries placed to defend it from possible bombardments.