Belgrade Federation Palace

Belgrade Federation Palace
Belgrade Federation Palace

Some buildings, beyond their beauty or their great achievements in the field of construction and creativity, deserve to be part of the History of Art with capital letters for being a true reflection of the moment in which they were designed. They are like the best story of an era, but materialized in volume and space. Well, a fabulous example of this is the Federation Palace in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.


Serbian Palace in Belgrade

Although when this city was built it was the capital of a larger and more complex state: Yugoslavia emerged from the Second World War.

Construction of the building began in 1947 and it was not inaugurated until 1961. A long period in which power was exercised by Marshal Tito, in the early years closely linked to the Stalin's USSR. Although over the years he moved away from that influence, although he never finished getting rid of it.

This alliance with the powerful Soviet Union was very important at first, since the Palace of the Federation was part of a very ambitious urban plan. They wanted to build the New Belgrade on muddy land that had never been occupied. However, under the ideals of Communism it was possible to build this new neighborhood, with many conceptual details that can be linked to theurban projects by Le Corbusier.

However, in the case of New Belgrade there was one building that had to stand out from the rest. And that was the Federation Palace designed by the architectVladimir Potocnjakand his team:Dragica PerkandZlatko Nojman. Although the grandeur of its construction and a cooling in the relationship between Tito and Stalin, caused the works to stop, and not resume until 1954. And by then the project was directed by another architect, Mihajlo Jankovic , who made important changes, especially modernizing some of the initial concepts, and in which it is discovered that this architect had begun his training with the Bauhaus School.

What did not change substantially was a certain grandiloquent tone that characterizes other constructions in the countries of the Soviet orbit, with the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest as the maximum exponent. It is enough to know that the building has almost 750 rooms, with 13 conference rooms, six large rooms and the largest hall of all, which was called the Yugoslavia Hall and is now the Serbian Hall.

And it is that Jankovic's contributions did not change the spirit of union of various republics that Yugoslavia embodied and that here was wanted to materialize. In fact, inside the most characteristic are the halls dedicated to each of these republics: Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Macedonia. Each one of those rooms with a size according to the importance of thoseterritories and incorporating decorative elements, from rugs, furniture or lamps alluding to the arts, traditions or landscape of each of these republics. Which today are independent, something that involved a lot of bloodshed in the nineties with the well-known, eternal and bloody Balkan War.

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