Khiva Walls

Khiva Walls
Khiva Walls
Anonim

The Wall of Khiva is one of the most unique examples of the enormous historical and artistic heritage treasured by Uzbekistan. It is literally a grandiose monument, since we are talking about a walled enclosure that extends for about 2 kilometers in a practically quadrangular shape. And along this route the most striking thing is not the 8 meters high that its walls can reach, or the 6 meters thick that they are at some points. The most striking thing is the shape of its curved bastions that articulate its entire layout. Some bastions whose walls have a pronounced slope that decreases in height, giving the wall an unmistakable and impregnable aspect.

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Khiva Wall

To understand its existence, you have to know its geographical location. Khiva is located in the province of Khorasmia, in one of the most arid sections of the country, already close to present-day Iranian territory. So in Khiva there was an oasis of water, so it became an obligatory stop on the prosperous Silk Road that has left so many monuments and jewels in cities of Uzbekistan, such as Samarkand or Bukhara.

That oasis was of course of enormous value, so it is estimated that from the 5th century there was some kind of protective wall. Although these walls have been modified over time until what we see today.

Today isadmirable to see how these walls made from baked clay and bricks are maintained. Some walls that enclose and protect an enclosure of approximately 650 x 400 m. Going through the gates of the wall you enter the old city or Itchan-Kala. While the city outside the walls is more modern and is called Dichan-Kala.

As for the doors, originally four were opened, coinciding with the cardinal points and also with the two main axes of the urban fabric. However, today only three of them remain. And it is that the history of Khiva is quite convulsive and that has produced many changes in its appearance.

Although Khiva was an important stop on the Silk Road for centuries, from the 16th century it would spend time occupied by nomadic tribes and later became the capital of a new state called Khanate of Khiva, establishing a dynasty that lasted until Russia annexed the territory, which later became part of the USSR. Even so, the conservation of its walls and the whole of the old city, where there is no lack of mosques, minarets or historic palaces, is of special beauty and incalculable value. So much so that the complex is listed as World Heritage by UNESCO.

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