The first Persian empire or Achaemenid Empire reached its height during the reign of Cyrus II the Great, who extended his dominions from practically Egyptto the Indus River in the 6th century BC. A character who has gone down in history for his enormous power and also for his exemplary magnanimity with his subjects. And yet, today what is considered his tomb is a rather austere monument, and somewhat poor for the immensity of the character.
Tomb of Cyrus
However, it is a work of great importance for several reasons. One of them is to be the tomb of who he is. Another one for representing a model of Achaemenid tomb different from the one shown by the Naqsh-e-Rostam monument. It is also obviously important because of its age. And as if that were not enough, it is worth mentioning as the first architectural structure built with seismic isolation. And judging by its longevity, it appears to have served to prevent collapse due to earthquakes.
This system consists of making a solid stone base that is founded on a stucco made with lime and ash. And from there another layer is distributed with large and polished stones joined by metal staples. A structure that can vibrate if the ground shakes, thus preventing it from collapsing.
This funerary monument is located in the Pasargada Valley, in Iran, very close to what was the capitalimperial of Ciro II. It is a simple construction made from large stone blocks. It reaches 11 meters high and inside there was a mortuary room that was already robbed of its treasures in ancient times, in the times of Alexander the Great.
The building lacks ornamentation. According to the chronicles of Strabo there was an inscription that said: “Wayfarer, I am Cyrus, the one who gave the Persians an empire and was king of Asia. Don't hold a grudge against me for this monument." But today you don't see any of that anymore.
It was built after the death of Cyrus the Great in 529 BC. C, and unlike other Persian tombs that were excavated, in this case you can see a construction that is an amalgam of styles with influences of Babylonian, Assyrian, Egyptian origin and the famous ziggurats Mesopotamians. Today it looks very simple, and part of what describesAristobuluswhen he entered it by order of Alexander the Great himself has been lost
He speaks of a base of square blocks and on top of them other rectangular ones. A tiny lintelled door opened on one of its faces, and through it one reached the burial chamber where the corpse of the founder of the Achaemenid Empire was resting in a gold sarcophagus, surrounded by fine, with highly ornamented weapons and jewels with precious stones. In addition to the fact that Persian beliefs had meant that a perfectly arranged table with crockery and food would also be placed there in case at some point in eternity he woke up againCyrus II the Great.