Dugga City

Dugga City
Dugga City

The archaeological ruins of the city of Dugga, in Tunisia, are proof that the Romans knew how to adapt to the conditions of each place to build their cities and that all of them bear the unmistakable seal of the Empire.

In the case of Dugga, it was originally a settlement of the Numidian people from the 6th century BC. An ethnic group from North Africa who were both allies and enemies with their neighbors, the Punics. So in one of those times when they had terrible relations, the Numidian king askedRomefor help in getting rid of his enemies. And the Latin legions landed in Tunis and took advantage of the situation to defeat a staunch enemy: the city of Carthage. It was the year 146 BC.


Dugga Field

From then on, Dugga gradually became romanized. First with a separation between the native people and those who came from Italy, on the other side of the Mediterranean Sea. But soon they mixed and both culture and Roman law prevailed, something that is manifested today in the monumental repertoire that is preserved in this extensive site.

More than a dozen temples are preserved. Perhaps the main one is the Capitol dedicated to the main divine triad: Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. But there are others in honor of Saturn, Juno Calaestis or Pluto. In addition, the excavations have revealed a largetheater, the baths, the forum, or several triumphal arches.

The truth is that Dugga remained in the hands of the Romans for several centuries. And although when they left it in the fourth century there was a significant decline, the city did not become uninhabited. First it was a Byzantine place and later it was occupied by Muslims, and there are also traces of both at the site, since the wall would be Byzantine, while the presence of a mosque speaks unequivocally of the arrival of Islam.

While all this happened outside of European civilization. Travelers did not arrive here until the 17th century. Somehow, being away from almost everything has been ideal for his maintenance. And the first archaeological campaigns took place at the time when this territory was a French protectorate. Although, the discoveries have been constant since then, and an archaeological project is always being carried out in the area. And the most interesting thing is the mix of cultures over time. A jewel of Tunisian heritage that is also World Heritage Site for UNESCO.

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