Necropolis of Puig des Molins in Ibiza

Necropolis of Puig des Molins in Ibiza
Necropolis of Puig des Molins in Ibiza
Anonim

This archaeological site is located in the same urban center of Ibiza, and undoubtedly tells us about the origins of the capital of this Balearic island.

In fact, the Phoenician-Punic Necropolis of Puig des Molins is part of the select World Heritage Site according to UNESCO, forming a pair with the Phoenician site of Sa Caleta, located further south of the city, near the Ibizan airport. And it is that according to the 1999 declaration itself, both places:

Hypogeum of Puig des Molins

Hypogeum of Puig des Molins

“They provide exceptional testimony to the urbanization and social life of the Phoenician colonies in the Mediterranean. And they constitute a unique source, in quantity and importance, of the discoveries of the Phoenician and Carthaginian cultures.”

This place was the city's great cemetery from its very origins, back in the 7th century BC, when the Phoenicians settled in the bay of Ibiza. And shortly after when the Carthaginians arrived, Puig des Molins continued to be the burial space. And even later with the Romans settled here. In other words, the ancient inhabitants of Ibiza were buried here for about 1,000 years.

The result is an immense necropolis in which it is estimated that there are more than 3,500 burials, of which some three hundred have been excavated. practically all of themof the hypogeous type (hypo=low, geo=earth). Well-shaped tombs that give access to a chamber excavated in the rock, where large sarcophagi were placed with the remains of the deceased and the grave goods of their beliefs.

A whole archaeological complex of incalculable value that was the result of a somewhat casual discovery for science, since the true discoverer was a mule that fell down one of those wells and when rescuing it, it was found that the entrails of Ibiza kept those ancient burial chambers.

It should be borne in mind that the area at one point ceased to be used as a cemetery and became an agricultural field where olive, carob, almond or fig trees were planted. And even in the upper part some mills were built, hence the name of the place.

However, when the hypogea were discovered, the archaeological excavations began, although in many cases the looters of the heritage and treasure hunters who entered the tombs to steal all valuables.

Puig des Molins Necropolis Museum

Puig des Molins Necropolis Museum

However, and fortunately they did not end everything, and researchers have continuously brought to light a large number of historical objects, from Phoenician or Roman coins, to the most varied ceramics, from jewels even images of the gods of Antiquity, without forgetting amulets, games, weapons, etc. All this has served to create a collectionvery important exhibit at the Museum of the Necropolis of Puig des Molins, a true cultural and tourist reference for the Ibizan capital.

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