Statue of Khafre

Statue of Khafre
Statue of Khafre

This sculpture was made during the Dynasty IV of the pharaohs of Egypt, and is currently exhibited in the halls of theCairo Museum.

The work was carved from brilliant black diorite rock and depictsPharaoh Khafreseated solemnly on his throne. It is the most prototypical representation of a pharaoh charged as a god, in fact, in Ancient Egypt the pharaohs reached the rank of divinities. For this reason when they were represented in the form of totally idealized figures, whether in sculpture or painting. To verify this, it is enough to see the slenderness of Khafre's muscular body, which on the other hand looks at the viewer with a distant, serene gaze that conveys dignity.

Khafre statue

Kephren Statue

At the same time he appears dressed in all the elements of his position, and only wears a short pleated skirt, the ritual beard and also the ritual wig reminiscent of the god Horus, one of the most important in the religion of Ancient Egypt. And other symbols of his reign also appear, such as the lion heads carved on the legs of the throne or the incisions that can be seen from the papyrus flower and the lotus flower symbolizing the unification of the two Egyptian territories.

Regarding the artistic quality of the sculpture, it should be noted that diorite stone is extremely hard, so the work it requiresit is very expensive to carve and requires a great deal of skill, something that is evident in this work, since it is finely carved and, above all, highly polished, which gives it a clear natural smoothness, as well as a vigorous shine that results in in the message of showing us a superhuman character, as the pharaoh was considered.

To achieve this sculptural quality, it is known that its creator started from a cubic block of diorite, and framed both the front of the sculpture and its sides on it. And from there he carved inwards, alternately from each of those rock faces, until all points of view coincided, to achieve a result that highlights the three-dimensional immobility of the figure.

This is not the only sculptural representation that was made of this pharaoh. In fact, many would be made while he was alive, but very few have come down to us. Among them, without a doubt the most famous and well-known throughout the world, is the portentous Sphinx of Gizeh, where the face is supposed to be that of Pharaoh Khafre, although in this case represented with a lion's body. All of it was carved to an enormous size and on the living rock of the landscape, which makes it one of the great symbols of the culture of Ancient Egypt.

The truth is that the Sphinx along with the neighboring Pyramids are the most emblematic monuments of that civilization, and among the three famous pyramids, the medium-sized one was built to be the tomb of this same pharaoh, since those pyramids weredestined to be the sumptuous tombs of pharaohs Cheops, Kephren and Mikerinos.

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