Within the various kinds of museums that exist, one can find a typology defined by its mixed character, so to speak. The house-museums are spaces that incorporate, as their name indicates, the peculiarity of having served as a residence (this is not always true, however) to the artist or outstanding character celebrated as such through an exhibition of a museum nature.
Today it is possible to find collections in Spanish territory of around fifty institutions dedicated to enhancing written heritage and preserving and disseminating the memory of some of the country's most important writers, most of which can be ascribed to this category of "house-museums".
Similar to what would have happened in other countries, over the past decade it became obvious the need to set up a body to guarantee their "security" and to make it possible for the various professionals in charge of the management of these spaces could establish cooperative relations between them. So, in 1998, the Association of House Museums and Writers' Foundations was created, which was registered in the National Registry of Associations a year later (thus providing a legal framework to the aforementioned spaces).
Today countsamong its members are various museums, foundations, interpretation centers, libraries and archives associated with the memory of writers belonging to the broad cultural panorama of Spain, such as Azorín, Unamuno, Juan Ramón Jiménez, Machado and many others. In addition, it maintains relations with institutions linked to Spanish literature in exile and with foreign universities.
This Association is constituted with two main purposes: to promote the activity of the birth houses through the celebration of various meetings and to defend and promote literature through its exhibition and exchanges.
In recent years, moreover, it has taken a giant step in relation to its conception, becoming the institutions that integrate it into managers of an important part of the literary, documentary and historical legacy of the authors to whom that each of these places is consecrated, and they are also inserted in the territory in which they are found through the initiative of the «literary routes».
However, it is necessary to point out that, in many cases, these spaces are not so different from their European brothers with regard to the exhibition layout of the collection, and it can be said that a large part of these literary places in Spain they are at the service of an untouchable and fetishistic memory.