Archaeological remains of Chichen Itza

Archaeological remains of Chichen Itza
Archaeological remains of Chichen Itza
Anonim

Located on the Yucatan Peninsula and located in the homonymous state in Mexico, the archaeological remains of Chichen Itza are one of the most outstanding examples of Mayan art that have come down to us. Chichén Itzá, which could be translated as Boca del Pozo, is considered the religious complex of the Mayan culture that we know of; At present, experts consider that the buildings that are still preserved today were part of an even larger ceremonial complex and in terms of their dating, it has been determined that they must have belonged to a time of decadence of the Mayan culture that is known as the Mayan period. postclassic.

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Its historical and artistic value is such that in 1988 the complex became part of the list of World Heritage Sites drawn up by UNESCO and in 2007 it was voted by thousands of people to become part of the well-known list of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

According to the archaeological sources found, the city must have been founded around the year 525 A.D. by the Mayans from Petén, due to its privileged geographical location, the city soon became It became one of the most important cultural and religious centers of the Mayan era and around the 9th century, the city must have reached its peak.

In the constructions that have come down to us, archaeologists have knowndifferentiate a periodization that tells us about the architectural evolution suffered in Chichén Itzá, in this way some of the original buildings must have been destroyed during the post-classical stage and raised again. In this context, we must point out how in the constructions of Chichén Itzá one can also appreciate the influence of various cultures in the area that, although until now they had been understood as the result of the displacement of the Mayans through the Yucatan Peninsula, today some experts speak of an expansion in the area.

Among the most outstanding constructions of this archaeological complex, the well-known Palacio de los Guerreros and the Pyramid of Kukulkan, also known by the nickname of the Castle, stand out. The Temple of the Warriors is located in the main square of Chichen Itza and it is a large pyramid with a square base and four stories high, on whose top floor a temple was also built with a square floor plan that had about twenty-one meters on each side. and which was accessed through a triple door with columns that imitated the shape of snakes. The interior is divided into two simple rooms that connect to each other.

Outside the Temple of the Warriors is integrated into the Great Temple of a Thousand Columns which is nothing more than a large arcaded square supported by columns in which weighs to its name, the total of the columns amounts to two hundred and not a thousand and that it had some structures in the southeast area such as the market.

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