This is one of the pinnacle paintings of the enormous pictorial production of the painter from Malaga Pablo Picasso. He made it in 1907 and today it is one of the most valued stars in the collection exhibited by theMuseum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York
Actually, this large canvas is considered to be a kind of manifesto of Cubist painting. Since Picasso in the company of the French painter George Braque created this artistic current in which they move away from the characteristics of other contemporary movements. In fact, they do not resort to the strongly colored images of Fauvism, nor do they take on the sensuality of Impressionist painting. They choose to fit everything through dynamically structured geometry in large synthetic planes, planes that extend even beyond each figure. It is his way of encompassing the space that surrounds each figure to organize a unitary architecture of the entire space.
The young ladies of Avinyó by Picasso
This artistic movement according to some critics arises from Picasso's dissatisfaction that led him to investigate the nature of our perception of the outside world. Because for him the superficial appearance of the objects did not seem enough, and that is why those same objects or characters, in this case the street prostitutesAvinyó from Barcelona, they have to undergo a kind of dissection to be analyzed and artistically enriched.
It is not a spontaneous painting, but it takes a lot of work to its author. The numerous sketches that he made of this image are evidence of this, and in those preparatory drawings you can see the evolution that each figure was giving, in addition to the fact that they are also graphic documents in which the artistic influences of Picasso are discovered, such as example his passion for African masks or Iberian sculpture.
The image itself is five nudes in a frontal scene, something that links it to classical art. However, these are figures that are reduced to their sharpest and most decisive forms, completely dominated by rhythm and energy.
When presenting this work, the critics were voracious, particularly from some of the painters of the time. For example, Derain recommended that he commit suicide behind the canvas or Matisse accused him of wanting to disgrace painting. Or the poet Apollinaire said that it was a philosophical brothel. Even his friend and his partnerBraquecriticized her
And it is that Picasso was not looking to please the public, or the critics, or the artists. Absolutely. With this work he culminates all the previous artistic experiences. He radicalizes. It completely destroys the Renaissance perspective, breaks with the current naturalism. And his great achievement is that there is no single point of view, he proposes the simultaneity of visions condensed in an image. we see facesfrom the front and from the side, with which he is merging space and objects, which he links through the geometric planes, completely annulling depth.